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Everything You Need to Know About BAMS Course

BAMS course

I presume that you are reading this because you are in high school, or preparing for NEET, or awaiting NEET results, or maybe in counselling rounds. Back in 2012, when I realized that my marks were not enough for getting admission to a government MBBS college, I was exactly doing the same thing what you guys are doing right now- Searching on Google about BAMS course. Exactly like you, I didn’t have the slightest idea about what BAMS degree was. And today, here I am, guiding you all about BAMS course!

BAMS stands for Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (medicine, surgery…sounds great!).

BAMS Admission process:

The only way to get admission to BAMS degree is through NEET. BAMS eligibility is a minimum of 50% in 12th boards. The most common question is “what is the cut-off for BAMS course?” Cut—off for BAMS admission differs every year depending upon,

  • The level of difficulty of the exam
  • State
  • Caste
  • Type of college – government, aided and private

A rough generalization of BAMS cut-off marks can be,

Government colleges:

  • 420-450 for General
  • 400+ for OBC

Aided colleges:

  • Around 400 for General
  • 360-380 for OBC

Private colleges:

  • Approx. 350 for general
  • 300+ for OBC

The marks fall considerably for other categories.

BAMS course fees:

BAMS course fees depend on the type of college. Each state in India has its university. For example, Maharashtra has MUHS (Maharashtra University of Health Sciences), Karnataka has RGUHS (Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences).

These universities have 3 types of colleges under them:

  • Government
  • Government-Aided
  • Private or Unaided

BAMS course fees for government colleges is low in the range of Rs. 30,000. Aided BAMS colleges have higher than this and BAMS private colleges charge around 3-4 lakhs or more per year.

BAMS course duration:

Total BAMS duration is 5.5 years. There are four academic years; the first, second and third year is of 1 year each and the final year is of 1.5 years.

After completion of 4.5 academic years, there is a compulsory internship of 1 year. This way the total BAMS course duration becomes 4.5 + 1= 5.5 years

Internship-

The internship consists of working in the hospital affiliated to your college for 6 months, working in Civil Hospital for 3 months and in Primary Health Centre (PHC) for 3 months.

During Internship, Government and aided colleges give a stipend of Rs.11,000 per month; there is no stipend in private colleges.

BAMS course details:

I am explaining the BAMS course details under the following headings:

1. BAMS subjects

2. BAMS exam pattern

1. BAMS Subjects:

The names of the subjects may sound weird as you hear them for the first time. You will get used to them in a few months.

BAMS 1st year-

  • Padarth Vigyan and Ayurved Itihas
  • Sanskrit
  • Maulik Sidhant Evam Ashtang Hridaya
  • Kriya Shaarir
  • Rachana Shaarir

The 1st three subjects are purely about Ayurveda, Kriya shaarir is about Physiology and Rachana shaarir about Anatomy. Kriya Shaarir and Rachana Shaarir involve both the Ayurvedic and Modern aspects.

BAMS 2nd year-

  • Dravyagun
  • Rasashastra & Bhaishajya Kalpana
  • Roga Nidaan
  • Charak Samhita (Purvardha)

Dravyagun is all about herbs. Pharmacology of allopathic medicines is also included in this subject for 25 marks in some universities.

Rasashastra and Bhaishajya Kalpana are about herbo-mineral, metallic medicines and various medicinal formulations.

 Roga Nidaan is about Diagnosis of diseases- has both Ayurvedic and modern views. 

Charak Samhita is an Ayurvedic classical text; the study of the first half of this text is done in 2nd year.

BAMS 3rd year-

  • Agad Tantra
  • Swasthavritta
  • Prasuti tantra & Stri Roga
  • Kaumarbhritya
  • Charak Samhita

Agad Tantra is Toxicology and Forensic Medicine. 

Swasthavritta includes Preventive and Social medicine along with some portion about Yoga. 

Prasuti Tantra is Obstetrics and Stri Roga is Gynaecology.

Kaumarbhritya is Paediatrics.

All of these 4 subjects involve both Ayurvedic and modern view.

The second half of Charak Samhita is to be studied in this year.

BAMS 4th year-

  • Kayachikitsa
  • Panchakarma
  • Shalya tantra
  • Shalakya tantra
  • Research Methodology and Statistics

Kayachikitsa is Medicine and includes treatment of all diseases. 

Panchakarma, as you may have heard it, is an exclusive feature of Ayurveda.

Shalya Tantra is Surgery, Shalakya tantra is Opthalmology + ENT.

Research Methodology and Statistics has been included in BAMS since 4 years.

2. BAMS exam pattern-

You may hear from your friends of other graduations about Semesters, but there is no semester-pattern in BAMS. BAMS has yearly exams. 

The passing percentage is 50% in each subject and each year. If at all, a student does not pass in a subject, he will get a KT in that subject and he can give the exam of that subject after 6 months. Maximum 2 KTs are allowed.

 If he fails in more than 2 subjects, then he will be held back for 6 months, and then for all the subsequent years, he will be 6 months behind till internship completion. It is fine if this happens. In the end, patients are not going to judge you based on your marks, but on your treatment results!

Career opportunities after BAMS course:

I have compiled almost everything about what you can go for after completing BAMS in this blog post-  https://ayureasy.com/what-are-the-career-options-after-a-bams-degree/

Salary after BAMS qualification-

This is the most obvious question (and why it shouldn’t be?). You have to understand that the variation in income is widespread.

After BAMS, those who get selected for MD/MS in government colleges, get a stipend of around Rs. 50,000 per month through the three years of post-graduation.

Those who don’t get a government seat, do not get any stipend. 

Some of the people work in hospitals as RMO. For this job, initially, you may get as low as Rs. 12,000 to 15,000 in a 25-bedded hospital and about Rs. 23,000 in a big hospital. Night-shifts give you more payment.

Some others may start their own Ayurvedic clinic or allopathic clinic; how much they earn would depend upon the patient-flow.

Many young students aim for the job of a professor as the starting salary itself is around Rs.40,000 but this is the most difficult job to get your hands on. 

There may be quite a few positions in Ayurvedic pharma companies, research fields, etc. I recommend you to go through my blog post on the career options after a BAMS degree.

Frequently Asked Questions:

Q. Is Sanskrit compulsory for BAMS eligibility?

A. No, even if you never had Sanskrit subject, you can still take admission to BAMS.

Q. Is it necessary to learn Sanskrit shlokas?

A. It is not compulsory, though there may be a handful shlokas which you will have to learn eventually. Also, shlokas give you more marks. And, somehow, you will eventually not mind learning a few.

Q. Is there dissection in BAMS course?

A. Yes, there is dissection in the first year under the subject of Rachana Shaarir.

Q. Are there any practicals in BAMS degree?

Yes, all clinical subjects have practicals. Physiology, Anatomy have lab practicals, Rog Nidaan has both lab and hospital practicals. Medicine, Gynec etc have hospital exposure. Rasashastra has medicine making and Dravyagun has college’s herbal garden visits as practicals.

Q. Can BAMS students practice allopathy?

A. Some states like Goa do not allow allopathy practice by BAMS graduates, but in a majority of the states it is allowed. 

Q. Are there any field visits in BAMS course?

A. Yes, in the 2nd year, there is are two trips generally- one is within the state, one is out of state where we visit Ayurvedic pharmacy units and Herbal gardens. This makes the 2nd year the most fun year! 

Under Swasthavritta also, there are visits to a sewage treatment plant, water management facilities, Yoga centre, etc. 

In the 3rd year or final year, there is an NSS camp in a rural area.

Q. Is there an MD or MS specialization after BAMS degree?

A. Yes, there is the specialization of MD or MS in Ayurveda after BAMS. This post-graduation is of 3 years. After BAMS, you need to give AIAPGET, that is the entrance exam for admission to MD (Ayurveda). Let me make one point clear here, you cannot get admission to MD (allopathy) after BAMS.

Hope, I was able to tell maximum about BAMS course information. If you need any further BAMS details, you can comment here. Like, share, comment and keep reading!

Dr Rucha Sawant is an Ayurveda doctor and is currently pursuing MD in Ayurveda. She started writing blogs for Ayureasy with the motto of spreading the real knowledge of Ayurveda and guiding people in the right direction.

5 comments

    1. Dr Rucha Sawant

      Getting a seat depends on the rank rather than marks. Though looking at the previous years marks it can be presumed that you may get atleast govt-aided college. Wait for ranks to come out, till then sit back and relax for a while.

    1. Dr Rucha Sawant

      If the ultimate aim is setting up a practice, then college doesn’t matter. There is no difference in the quality of teachers teaching in both govt and private colleges. There are many great teachers who have done their BAMS and MD from Govt. colleges and are now teaching in private colleges.
      Be in any college, the knowledge you gain over the period of 5.5 years is what matters. For that, you will have to go for observation in outside clinics irrespective of whether you are in govt or private college.
      But yes, if you are seeking a job, then a graduate from govt college is preferred over private college.
      Lastly, knowledge and skills matter in the end.

  1. Dhananjay Kaushik

    Thank you so much Dr. Rucha Sawant. You are providing the much needed information to aspiring students through your blogs about Ayurveda and it’s future scope.
    I am a first year student at CBPACS Delhi.
    I found your blog very informative and guiding. Please keep writing more such blogs.

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